This page offers writing and citing assistance for after you've found the articles, books and other information on your topic.
A cited reference to a journal article includes some key information that is not included in a citation for a book or any other type of material. This information includes Volume, Number/Issue and Publication Date. Here is a typical citation for a journal article:
A cited reference for a monograph--which is another way of saying a book on a single topic rather than a collection of essays--is generally the simplest citation you'll see and includes the author's name, the title of the book, the publisher's name and location, and the year of publication. It may also include page numbers that indicate the section of the book to which the citation is referring. Here is a typical citation for a monograph:
A cited reference for an essay published in an anthology or a book chapter includes much of the same information found in a reference for a monograph. However, there are a few key differences that will help you to identify this particular type of material, including more than one title (the title of the essay and the title of the book in which it was published), the name of the essay's author and often the name of the book's editor. Here is a typical citation for an essay published in an anthology:
At a loss for formatting that elusive hanging indent? Here's how to do it in MS Word:
The Writing Center provides one-on-one tutoring, workshops and presentations to strengthen your academic reading, writing, critical thinking and research skills.
The Writing Center website also includes many helpful resources, including:
The majority of the Library's e-resources can generate a single citation for you.
Places to look for the Cite Button or other Citation Tools in E-Resources:
According to the APA blog, use this format for mobile apps:
Rightsholder, A. A.. (year). Name of App (Version #) [Mobile application software]. Retrieved from [itunes OR android market]
American Psychological Association. (2012). APA concise dictionary of psychology
(Version 1.0) [Mobile application software]. Retrieved from http://itunes.apple.com
As for in-text citations, use this information from the full reference, and follow standard APA guidelines for the format.
This is a selection of other citation generators & tools that can help you create citations and manage bibliographies. Remember, though, that no online citation generator is 100% accurate. Please be sure to check your citations to make sure that they're correct!
More questions about APA Citation Style? Try these resources:
…includes a summary and/or evaluation of each of the sources. Depending on your project or the assignment, your annotations may do one or more of the following:
"Literature reviews are systematic syntheses of previous work around a particular topic. Nearly all scholars have written literature reviews at some point; such reviews are common requirements for class projects or as part of theses, are often the first section of empirical papers, and are sometimes written to summarize a field of study. Given the increasing amount of literature in many fields, reviews are critical in synthesizing scientific knowledge."