Authority - Is the website's author listed along with his/her credentials? Usually a URL with .edu, .org or.gov is more reliable than.com and .net. But remember, if slight variations of well-known websites appear, such as “.com.co,” this is usually a sign that the website is a fake version of a source. Remember, a total lack of information about who wrote and published the information and why they did it means that you shouldn’t trust it!
Bias - Is the website objective, presenting both sides of an issue? Or, is the information presented to sway the audience to a particular point of view? Who is the audience? A certain political group, adults, children, researchers? Depending on your purpose for using the website, the intended audience needs to be taken into consideration.
Currency/Credibility - Is the website current, providing the 'created' date and 'last updated' information? For example, medical and scientific information usually needs to be current. But currency alone doesn’t verify the credibility of this type of resource. Does the website mention/link to a study or source? Look up the source/study. Do you think it’s being accurately reflected and reported? Are officials being cited? Can you confirm their quotes elsewhere?
Note: One or more of the ABCs may be more important in evaluating a website, depending on the information you need. For example, medical and scientific information usually needs to be current. If you are trying to take a stand on an issue, a biased database may be acceptable as long as it is coming from a reliable source (authority).
Authority / Reliability / Credibility
The author is a well-known, well-respected expert in the field
1. From within your Google search results, select advanced search:
2. At search within a site or domain, enter .gov .org or .edu. Note that you need to specify one domain at a time:
3. In the above example, the websites will all be from a .gov domain. You will still need to review the website ABCs, but generally a domain search will yield better results.