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Chicago Style (17th Edition) Citation Guide: Formatting

A citation guide for Chicago Style 17th Edition. Includes Author-Date style and Notes & Bibliography style.

Source List

- All citations should be double spaced and have a hanging indent.

- A "hanging indent" means that each subsequent line after the first line of your citation should be indented by 0.5 inches.

- Label the first page of your your comprehensive list of sources, “Bibliography” (for Notes and Bibliography style) or “References” (for Author-Date style).

- List entries in letter-by-letter alphabetical order according to the first word in each entry, be that the author's name or the title of the piece.

-Leave two blank lines between the title and your first entry. Then, leave one blank line between each entry.


- All citations should use first line indent, where the first line of the footnote should be indented by 0.5 inches; all subsequent lines are not indented.

- Footnotes should be the same font size and style as the rest of your paper.

- Note numbers should begin with “1” and follow consecutively throughout a given paper

See instructions for how to insert footnotes in Microsoft Word.

See instructions for how to insert footnotes in Google Docs.


- An author can be a person but can also be an organization, or company. These are called group or corporate authors.

- If you are citing a chapter from a book that has an editor, the author of the chapter is listed first, and is the name listed in the in-text citation.


- Capitalize the first letter of every important word in the title. You do not need to capitalize words such as: in, of, or an.

- If there is a colon (:) in the title, include what comes after the colon (also known as the subtitle).


- Page numbers begin in the header of the first page of text with Arabic number 1.

- Margins should be set at no less than 1”.


- The format of all dates is: Month Date, Year. e.g. September 5, 2012.

- Whether to give the year alone or include a month and day depends on your source: write the full date as you find it there.

- If no date is listed, use the abbreviation n.d. for "no date." 


- Typeface should be something readable, such as Times New Roman or Courier.

- Font size should be no less than 10 pt. (preferably, 12 pt.).

- Text should be consistently double-spaced, except for block quotations, notes, bibliography entries, table titles, and figure captions.

In-Text Citations

Notes & Bibliography:

- Note numbers are superscripted.

- Note numbers should be placed at the end of the clause or sentence to which they refer and should be placed after all punctuation, except for the dash.